Marny Lopez (iMrLopez)

Software Engineer

FullStack

BackEnd

FrontEnd

Marny Lopez (iMrLopez)

Software Engineer

FullStack

BackEnd

FrontEnd

Blog Post

Flutter, the future of Mobile Development

mayo 12, 2023 Sin categoría
Flutter, the future of Mobile Development

Flutter is a cross-platform mobile development framework created by Google. It allows you to build native apps for Android and iOS using the same codebase. Flutter apps are known for their high performance and beautiful user interfaces.

In this blog post, we will discuss the benefits of using Flutter for mobile development. We will also provide a brief overview of the Flutter framework and how to get started with it.

Why Use Flutter?

There are many reasons to use Flutter for your next mobile app project. Here are a few of the benefits:

  • Cross-platform development: Flutter allows you to build native apps for both Android and iOS using the same codebase. This saves you time and money in development costs.
  • High performance: Flutter apps are known for their high performance. They are often as fast or faster than native apps.
  • Beautiful user interfaces: Flutter apps are known for their beautiful user interfaces. They are built using the Flutter SDK, which provides a wide range of widgets and tools for creating stunning UIs.
  • Easy to learn: Flutter is a relatively easy framework to learn, even for developers with no prior experience with cross-platform development.
  • Active community: The Flutter community is large and active. There are many resources available online, including tutorials, documentation, and examples.

Flutter vs React Native

Flutter and React Native are two of the most popular cross-platform mobile development frameworks. Both frameworks have their own strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to weigh them carefully before choosing which one to use for your next project.

Flutter

  • Pros:
    • High performance
    • Beautiful user interfaces
    • Easy to learn
    • Large and active community
  • Cons:
    • Still under development
    • Limited third-party support
    • Not as mature as React Native

React Native

  • Pros:
    • Mature framework
    • Large and active community
    • Extensive third-party support
    • Easy to learn for React developers
  • Cons:
    • Performance can be an issue
    • User interfaces can be more complex
    • Not as easy to learn for non-React developers
    • Which framework is right for you?

If you’re looking for a framework that offers high performance, beautiful user interfaces, and is easy to learn, then Flutter is a good choice. However, if you need a framework with a large and active community, extensive third-party support, and is easy to learn for React developers, then React Native is a better option. Ultimately, the best way to decide which framework is right for you is to try both of them out and see which one you prefer.

Flutter at Google I/O 2023

  • New widgets: Flutter added a number of new widgets, including a new date picker, a new time picker, and a new progress indicator. These new widgets make it easier to build user interfaces that are both beautiful and functional.
  • Improved performance: Flutter’s performance was further improved, with a number of optimizations made to the rendering engine. This means that Flutter apps can now run even faster and smoother than before.
  • New tooling: Flutter added a number of new tools, including a new debugger, a new profiler, and a new code generator. These new tools make it easier for developers to debug, profile, and generate code for Flutter apps.
  • New plugins: A number of new plugins were added to the Flutter plugin registry, including plugins for popular services such as Google Maps, Firebase, and Stripe. These new plugins make it easier for developers to add functionality to their Flutter apps.
  • New documentation: Flutter’s documentation was updated with a number of new tutorials and examples. This makes it easier for developers to learn how to use Flutter and build Flutter apps.

Overall, the additions to Flutter at Google I/O 2023 make it an even more powerful and versatile cross-platform mobile development framework. If you’re looking for a framework that offers high performance, beautiful user interfaces, and is easy to learn, then Flutter is a good choice.

How to Get Started with Flutter

If you’re interested in learning more about Flutter, there are a number of resources available online. Here are a few of the best places to start:

  • The Flutter website: The Flutter website has a wealth of information about the framework, including documentation, tutorials, and examples.
  • The Flutter subreddit: The Flutter subreddit is a great place to ask questions and get help from other Flutter developers.
  • The Flutter Discord server: The Flutter Discord server is another great place to get help and connect with other Flutter developers.

How to install Flutter:

  • Download the Flutter SDK. You can download the Flutter SDK from the Flutter website.
  • Extract the Flutter SDK. Once you have downloaded the Flutter SDK, extract it to a location of your choice.
  • Set up your environment. You will need to set up your environment to use Flutter. This includes setting up your path and adding Flutter to your PATH environment variable.
  • Install Flutter plugins. Flutter comes with a number of plugins that you can use to add functionality to your Flutter apps. You can install these plugins using the Flutter pub get command.
  • Create a new Flutter project. Once you have set up your environment, you can create a new Flutter project. To do this, run the following command:
    • flutter create <project_name>
  • Run your Flutter app. Once you have created a new Flutter project, you can run your Flutter app by running the following command:
    • flutter run

This will launch your Flutter app in the emulator or on your device.

Creating our first form

Now let’s create a login form with a simple StatelessWidget with Flutter

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
class LoginForm extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Login'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Form(
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
            children: <Widget>[
              TextFormField(
                decoration: InputDecoration(
                  labelText: 'Username',
                ),
              ),
              TextFormField(
                decoration: InputDecoration(
                  labelText: 'Password',
                ),
              ),
              RaisedButton(
                child: Text('Login'),
                onPressed: () {},
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

This widget creates a simple login form with two text fields for the username and password, and a button to submit the form. The form is wrapped in a Form widget to provide validation and error handling.

Sate-what widgets?

A stateless widget is a widget that does not have any state. This means that its properties cannot change once it has been created. Stateless widgets are typically used for simple widgets that do not need to change their appearance or behavior over time.

Stateless widgets are a good choice for simple widgets that do not need to change their appearance or behavior over time. They are also a good choice for widgets that are used frequently, as they can be created and reused without having to worry about the state.

Here are some of the benefits of using stateless widgets:

  • They are simple and easy to use.
  • They are efficient, as they do not need to track state.
  • They are reusable, as they can be created and reused without having to worry about the state.

Here are some of the drawbacks of using stateless widgets:

  • They cannot be used for widgets that need to change their appearance or behavior over time.
  • They can be limiting, as they cannot be used for complex widgets that require state.

Overall, stateless widgets are a powerful tool that can be used to create simple, efficient, and reusable widgets. They are a good choice for many types of widgets, but they are not a good choice for widgets that need to change their appearance or behavior over time.

What if I need to change the state of the widget?

For this scenario you need to use what we call stateful widgets, A stateful widget is a widget that has state. This means that its properties can change over time. Stateful widgets are typically used for widgets that need to respond to user input or changes in data. Here is an example of a stateful widget:

class MyWidget extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyWidgetState createState() => _MyWidgetState();
}
class _MyWidgetState extends State<MyWidget> {
  int _counter = 0;
  void _incrementCounter() {
    setState(() {
      _counter++;
    });
  }
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Text('The counter is $_counter');
  }
}

This widget displays the text “The counter is 0”. However, when the user taps on the widget, the counter will increment and the text will change to “The counter is 1”. This is because the widget has state, and the state can be changed by the user.

Stateful widgets are a good choice for widgets that need to respond to user input or changes in data. They are also a good choice for widgets that need to be complex or dynamic.

Here are some of the benefits of using stateful widgets:

  • They can be used to create complex and dynamic widgets.
  • They can be used to create widgets that respond to user input or changes in data.
  • They are reusable, as they can be created and reused without having to worry about the state.

Here are some of the drawbacks of using stateful widgets:

  • They can be more complex to use than stateless widgets.
  • They can be less efficient, as they need to track state.

Overall, stateful widgets are a powerful tool that can be used to create complex, dynamic, and reusable widgets. They are a good choice for many types of widgets, but they can be more complex to use than stateless widgets.

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